Location

 

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is situated along the south-eastern tip of the Arabian peninsula between 22º 50 and 26º north latitude and between 51º and 56º 25 east longitude. Qatar lies to the north-west, Saudi Arabia to the west, south and south-east, and Oman to the south-east and north-east. Occupying an area of about 83, 600 sq. km (32,400 sq. miles) – roughly the size of Portugal. The coastline of the UAE was approximately 1318 km but land reclamation projects, notably the three 'Palms', are extending this figure.




Weather


Straddling the Tropic of Cancer, the UAE is warm and sunny in winter and hot and humid during the summer months. Winter daytime temperatures average a very pleasant 26°C, although nights can be relatively cool, between 12–15°C on the coast, and less than 5°C in the depths of the desert or high in the mountains. Local north-westerly winds (shamal) frequently develop during the winter, bringing cooler windy conditions. Summer temperatures are in the mid-40s, but can be higher inland. Humidity in coastal areas averages between 50 and 60 per cent, touching over 90 per cent in summer and autumn. Inland it is far less humid.


Rainfall is sparse and intermittent. In most years it rains during the winter months, usually in February or March, but occasionally earlier. Winter rains take the form of short sharp bursts, which, if occurring in the Hajar Mountains, run off rapidly into wadis and onto the downwashed gravel plains. Localised thunderstorms occasionally occur during the summer. Generally appearing over the mountains of the south and east of the country, these rumbling cloudbursts can give rise to severe flash floods.


Some years are totally dry and it is only through the regular formation of dew that vegetation and wildlife can survive. This applies even to those places that experience a relatively high annual rainfall: at the Hajar Mountain town of Masafi, for example, 350 mm may fall in a ‘wet’ year, whereas as little as 30 mm may be recorded in a ‘dry’ year.

 

Habitats in the UAE

 

Despite its reputation as a land of twenty-first-century cities and forbidding desert, the UAE has some very diverse habitats that support a wide range of wildlife. On land, the landscape is dominated by desert, ranging from vast, flat expanses to impressive rolling dunes, which are a prominent feature, especially in the south. Extensive salt flats (sabkha) and white sandy shorelines occur in coastal areas, and in the east the Hajar Mountains rise sharply above the surrounding landscape to an elevation of about 2000 m.

 

Read More from UAEInteract.com

 

 

Other useful links:

 

www.uaeinteract.com
www.visitabudhabi.ae
www.abudhabitourism.ae

 

Location

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Sorouh Building,
Murour Street,
Abu Dhabi,
United Arab Emirates


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